BottleGourdHerbs.com is operated by Bottle Gourd Studio LLC, a collective of independent researchers of ethnobotany and traditional herbalism & healing modalities of world cultures. Members of Bottle Gourd Studio LLC are not medical doctors and therefore do not provide nor prescribe medical advice. All products on BottleGourdHerbs.com are sold as natural curios, presented as the fruits of our research. Such items are not recognized nor evaluated by the FDA and we therefore make no medical claims nor health claims. Rather, all information presented regarding the products, in their listing, or on any product label or packaging is for informational purposes only, presented in context of historical or anecdotal usage as well as based on publicly available research of published studies and writings on the product or product contents, and should be seen as entertainment. The products and information presented in their listings are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent disease. The information presented in product listings is not intended as a substitute for advice from your physician or other health care professional. You should not use this information for diagnosis or treatment of any health problem. You should consult with a healthcare professional before starting any diet, exercise or supplementation program, before taking any medication, or if you have or suspect you might have a health problem. Claims for traditional use do not establish that a product will achieve desired results and are not a substitute for scientific research testing the efficacy of a product. We make no claims with respect to product efficacy for any purpose whatsoever. When purchasing any product in our shop you agree to full understanding of this disclaimer and take full risk and responsibility for how you use the product. Bottle Gourd Studio LLC is not responsible for the use of the products available on BottleGourdHerbs.com and when purchasing then you agree not to hold Bottle Gourd Studio LLC or any of its members liable. Your use of this site indicates your agreement of understanding this disclaimer and that you are bound by this agreement.